Credit By: BASS Urgent Care
Increase in Respiratory Infections
Health officials in Karachi have issued advice on influenza prevention and control due to the concerning rise in respiratory tract infection cases over the last few weeks. This represents the second upsurge in these instances in the previous two months. Currently, most cases recorded at medical facilities consist of these persons. The city saw many patients, including COVID-19 instances, two months ago; however, this number has since significantly decreased.
Symptoms and Causes
Individuals with these diseases have symptoms similar to the flu. These infections appear to be caused by various viruses and are treated chiefly with symptomatic measures. Additionally, there are a few instances where bacterial infections have superimposed, requiring antibiotics. Laboratory diagnosis is frequently not recognized by patients or advised by physicians. With bed rest, increased hydration intake, and fever management, recovery usually happens in three to four days. On the other hand, it could occasionally entail influenza or rino pharyngitis, an infection of the nasal mucosa brought on by either bacteria or viruses.
Department of Health Advisory
Dr. Abdul Ghafoor Shoro, a senior general practitioner, thinks that influenza viruses are currently the primary cause of diseases in the city. He takes issue with the health department’s delayed release of the advice. Most individuals with symptoms including a high fever, cough, sore throat, headaches, runny nose, and bodily pains respond well to symptomatic treatment. Inadequate patient care might result in consequences, which can include pneumonia that affects one or both lungs.
Experts identify several causes for these illnesses’ 10–20% yearly rise. Weak immune systems result from sedentary lifestyles, junk food consumption, late-night sleep, environmental variables (such as air pollution), and unclean living situations. A citywide way of life marked by frequent dining out and late-night TV and cell phone use is deemed highly harmful.
Inconsistent Weather Conditions
The city’s erratic weather, which has sharp temperature swings, contributes to the rise in illnesses among those with compromised immune systems. Experts stress the importance of doing local research to collect data based on evidence for better patient care and preventative measures.
Immunization Is Suggested
The health advice promotes influenza vaccination, calling it the most important preventive step. It advises high-risk populations, such as healthcare professionals, expectant mothers, young children under five, and those with chronic heart conditions, to promptly and voluntarily become immunized. The advice also recommends remaining home for at least 24 hours, minimizing social interaction, covering your mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing, avoiding travel, improving ventilation in small areas, and isolating hospitalized patients for those who have flu-like symptoms.
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